Stress Memory And Seed Quality

The impact of stress on a plant can make an imprint onto the next generation of plants. By Diane Rowland, Barry Tillman and graduate student Kelly Racette, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Agronomy Department For as long as crops have been domesticated, farmers have been selecting seed from the best performing plants — based primarily on ... Read More »

Palmer Amaranth Adaptability

This weed’s ability to survive goes beyond its penchant for developing resistance to herbicides. By Ramon Leon, Extension Weed Specialist, West Florida REC, and Jay Ferrell, Extension Weed Specialist, Agronomy Department, University of Florida Palmer amaranth, commonly referred to as Palmer pigweed, is perhaps the most problematic weed in the southern United States, especially in row-crop production. This weed can ... Read More »

Consider Replanting Options

Allow original planting time to emerge, but move quickly to replant if necessary. Georgia peanut farmers who plant a crop in mid-to-late April should make a decision on a second crop within two to four weeks of planting their initial crop. University of Georgia researcher and systems peanut agronomist Scott Tubbs helps farmers make that decision. Tubbs’ research focuses on ... Read More »

Making Management Adjustments

Be critical about fungicide selection, timing and ability to move down the plant in what could be a year of increased disease.  By Amanda Huber The first line of defense in disease management in peanuts is crop rotation. However, the projected increase in acreage means that crop rotations are being shortened. Scott Monfort, University of Georgia Extension peanut specialist, estimates ... Read More »

Farm Bill Hearings Begin

Georgia producer Tim McMillan testified about the PLC program and the effect of generic base. Hearing and listening sessions taking place both in Washington D.C. and around the country over the next several months will be an important part of gathering ideas says U.S. House of Representatives Ag Committee Chairman Mike Conaway and will help ensure that they know producers’ ... Read More »

Weed Control Options

Peanut growers are fortunate to have 18 active ingredients registered for use as herbicides. In general, these herbicides are very effective when applied at the appropriate rate and time. Failure to start clean at planting, residual herbicides that are not activated with timely irrigation or rainfall, postemergence applications to weeds larger than 3 inches tall and unfavorable environmental conditions, such ... Read More »

Planting Intentions

According to USDA’s National Agriculture Statistics Service, U.S. peanut growers intend to plant 1,751,000 acres this year, up 5 percent from last year’s 1,671,000 acres. The expected increase is largely driven by expectations of higher contract prices. Georgia is expected to increase acreage by 9 percent or 785,000 acres, but is slightly less than some in the industry had predicted ... Read More »

News Briefs

Reduced or Conventional Tillage Several key items talked about during production meetings were tillage practices and planter configurations in relation to yield. Growers are always looking to maximize yields. In deciding to change from one cultural practice to another, I would encourage growers to determine if more yield equals more profit. Many grower conversations were regarding tillage and yields in ... Read More »

Auburn, NPRL Release First Variety

The new high-oleic, runner-type cultivar is well-adapted for Southeast growing conditions. Auburn University might be relatively new to the peanut breeding business, but its just-released runner peanut variety is already winning accolades for its high yields, resistance to disease and healthy traits. The new release—AU-NPL 17—is the product of a peanut breeding program operated jointly by the College of Agriculture’s ... Read More »

Lack of cold weather means more nematodes, possibility of seedling disease.

Is Crop Production Moving Toward ‘Stacked Resistance?’  Growers urged to stop replacing one herbicide with another. Finding ways to halt the “resistance treadmill” was a key message from weed scientists at the recent Pigposium III, an event hosted by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture focused on herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth. About 300 producers, Extension agents, consultants and members ... Read More »