2008 Variety Guide

Variety selection is the single-most important decision you will make about your peanut crop. That is why careful consideration of the variety descriptions and trial data, coupled with your knowledge of your fields, capabilities and needs is a critical step in planning for the 2008 production year.
 

RUNNER-TYPE VARIETIES
AP-3: This variety offers good Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) resistance for the medium maturity group. It has high pod yields and excellent resistance to white mold. The pods and seed are slightly larger than Georgia Green. AP-3 was developed at the University of Florida’s North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna.

Yield And Grade Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties In Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2006-2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)

 
2006
2007
Variety Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
TSMK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
Georgia-01R 5028 6101 77.5 654
C-99R 5548 5805 75.5 596
AT-3085RO 5347 5682 70 583
Georgia-06G 6034 5618 76 556
Georgia-02C 5573 5524 78.5 750
Georgia Greener 6072 5477 77 619
Tifguard n/a 5442 76 609
AT-3081R 5359 5376 72.5 650
Florida-07 5779 5376 74 652
Carver 5352 5327 73.5 641
AP-4 n/a 5296 76 624
Tifrunner 4461 5262 75.5 795
McCloud 4993 5256 76.5 543
AP-3 5160 5227 70 654
Georgia-03L 5548 5196 73 588
Tamrun OL07 n/a 5149 73 648
York 4805 5109 73 753
Georgia Green 5578 5009 75.5 717
Andru II 4907 4465 70.5 780
 

Yield And Grade Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties In Midville, Ga., Irrigated, 2006-2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)

 
2006
2007
Variety Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
TSMK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
Georgia-06G 2915 4801 76.5 618
Florida-07 4121 4709 73 561
York 3792 4618 71.5 885
Tifrunner 3894 4393 74 794
Georgia Greener 3079 4326 75.5 658
C-99R 4230 4306 74 565
Georgia-02C 4345 4223 76.5 774
Georgia-03L 3299 4200 71.5 704
Georgia-01R 4261 4041 73.5 650
McCloud 3455 3954 71 650
AT-3081R 4081 3917 69 681
Georgia Green 3183 3796 74 810
AP-3 3435 3688 68.5 683
Carver 3663 3656 69.5 690
Andru II 2841 3783 65.5 751
AP-4 n/a 4274 74 641
Tamrun OL07 n/a 3764 72.5 607
Tifguard n/a 4055 73 522
 

Seed Size, Disease Rating And Maturity Range Of Runner-Type Peanut Cultivars Grown In Georgia1

(Source: University of Georgia)

Cultivar Disease Rating Maturity Range
Georgia Green TSWV, RHIZ (M) 125-145 DAP
Andru II TSWV (M) 1 week earlier
Georgia-03L TSWV, WM, CBR (M) Same
Georgia-06G TSWV, RHIZ (M) Same
Georgia Greener TSWV, RHIZ (M) Same
AT-3081R TSWV (M) Same
AT-3085RO TSWV (M) Same
Florida-07 TSWV (M) Same
McCloud TSWV (M) Same
AP-3 TSWV (M) Same
Carver TSWV, CBR (M) Same
Georgia-02C TSWV, WM, CBR (M) 1-2 weeks later
Georgia-01R
 
ELS, LLS, WM, CBR,
TSWV, LH (M)
2-3 weeks later
 
C-99R LLS, WM, TSWV (M) 2-3 weeks later
Tifrunner LLS, TSWV (M) 2-3 weeks later
York TSWV (M) 2-3 weeks later
Source: Dr. William D. Branch, Crop and Soil Sciences Dept., Coastal Plain Experiment Station, The University of Georgia, Tifton. 
Disease Ratings, ELS = Early Leafspot, LLS = Late Leafspot, WM = White Mold, CBR =
  
Cylindrocladium Black Rot, TSWV = Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, LH - Leafhopper, (M) Moderate Resistance, (L) Low Tolerance.
  
Days after planting relative to Georgia Green; weather conditions and stress can greatly influence maturity.
   
 

Yield And Grade Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties, Plains, Ga., Non-Irrigated, 2006-2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)    

 
2006
2007
Runner
Variety
Yield
(lb/A)
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
Georgia Greener 3956 4347 72 719
Florida-07 3965 4196 71 643
Tifguard n/a 4625 72.5 645
Georgia-06G 3810 4159 73 643
Georgia-02C 3966 4116 74.5 796
AP-4 n/a 4054 73 691
Carver 3415 3902 70.5 796
AP-3 3126 3887 68 740
Tifrunner 2925 3815 73.5 826
York 3605 3769 69 728
McCloud 3054 3724 73.5 658
Georgia-01R 3259 3688 73 751
Georgia-03L 4008 3576 71.5 750
AT-3081R 4066 3146 70 794
C-99R 3006 3068 73.5 669
Georgia Green 3296 3022 73 791
Andru II 3639 3007 68 851
 

AP-4: This is a medium-maturity (130 to 135 days) runner-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has demonstrated very good yield potential and excellent grades in Florida tests. AP-4 has very good resistance to TSWV and slightly better white mold resistance than Georgia Green. The seed of AP-4 is larger than that of Georgia Green. AP-4 has a runner growth habit with prominent center stem. Seed will be very limited in 2008, and it will be marketed exclusively through Birdsong Peanuts.

AT-215: This variety offers high-oleic oil chemistry and a large seed size. It is similar in size, maturity and appearance to ViruGard. It is early maturing at 120 to 125 days in the Southeast and 130 to 135 days in West Texas.

AT-3081R: This runner-type variety has slightly larger pod and seed size than Georgia Green. It has a very prominent mainstem and spreading growth habit. It offers high yields and grades and has good resistance to TSWV, but it is susceptible to late leaf spot. It matures at 130 to 140 days in the Southeast.

AT-3085RO: This variety has very good resistance to spotted wilt and a high yield and grade potential. It has high-oleic oil chemistry and is larger in pod and seed size than Georgia Green. It matures in 130 to 140 days in the Southeast, has a very prominent mainstem and is susceptible to late leaf spot.

Carver: This medium-maturing variety, also developed at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna, has very good pod yield and grade. Carver has very good resistance to TSWV, good resistance to CBR, some resistance to white mold, but is susceptible to leaf spot disease.

C-99R: C-99R is a late-maturing variety with excellent pod yields across a wide range of locations and very good grades. It has resistance to leaf spot, white mold, rust and a small level of resistance to CBR. The seed are larger than the average runner, so calcium should be applied to optimize performance. This variety was developed through the University of Florida.

Florida-07R: This is a medium-to-late runner market-type peanut released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown excellent yield potential with good grades. Seed is similar in size to C-99R and, for this reason, gypsum is recommended. It has good-to-excellent resistance to TSWV, some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot. Florida-07 has high-oleic oil chemistry with good-to-excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.

Georgia-06G: A high-yielding, large-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia-06G was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. Georgia-06G has an intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. Georgia-06G combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Georgia-01R: Developed at UGA’s Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, this variety has shown good resistance to TSWV, early and late leaf spot, white mold, CBR, leafhoppers, and leaf scorch. It has good yields and grades and has the same late maturity, spreading runner growth habit and lighter seed coat color as C-99R.

Georgia-02C: Released in 2002 as a new high-oleic runner-type cultivar, Georgia 02C can have later maturity than Georgia Green with seed and pod size slightly larger. It has a spreading runner growth habit, with excellent TSWV and CBR resistance.

Georgia-03L: A high-yielding, largepodded runner variety, Georgia-03L was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus and moderate resistance to soilborne diseases. Georgia-03L has maturity similar to Georgia Green with pods and seed size significantly larger.

Georgia Green: High yields, good grades and resistance to TSWV and white mold made Georgia Green a popular variety. An increased dollar return per acre compared with other runner varieties and a significantly higher percentage of total sound mature kernels (TSMK) complement the disease resistance. Georgia Green does not have resistance to leaf spot.

Georgia Greener: A high-yielding, typical-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia Greener was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. As the name implies, it has dark green foliage, intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit and typical runner seed size. Georgia Greener combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

McCloud: This is a medium maturity runner market-type released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown good-to-excellent pod yields with excellent grades. Seed of McCloud is larger than Georgia Green. It has good resistance to TSWV and is similar to Georgia Green in its resistance to other diseases. It has high-oleic oil chemistry, and flavor, blanching and processing traits are good-to-excellent.

Three-Year (2005-2007) Average Field Performance Of Medium-Maturing Varieties In Three Locations
In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)

Runner Variety Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
TSWV
(1-10)*
Florida-07** 4656 76 2
Georgia-03L 3936 77 4
AT 3085A** 3885 75 3
AP-3 3271 73 3
McCloud** 3600 76 3
AT 3081R 3401 73 4
Carver 3364 75 4
Georgia Green 3231 76 4
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry   
 

Four-Year (2004-2007) Average Field Performance Of Early Maturing Varieties In Three Locations
In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)

Runner Variety Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
TSWV
(1-10)*
Andru II** 3553 73 4
ViruGard 3284 76 4
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry   
 

Three-Year (2005-2007) Average Field Performance Of Late-Maturing Varieties In Three Locations In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)   

Runner Variety Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
TSWV
(1-10)*
Georgia-01R 4281 79 2
C-99R 4232 76 3
York** 4172 74 2
Georgia-02C** 3804 79 3
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry   

NemaTAM: A release from the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University, this runner variety is highly resistant to the root knot nematode (Meloidogyne arenaria). Yields are equal to Florunner with no nematodes present. It is not resistant to TSWV.

Tamrun 96: This is a high yielding runner peanut that is highly tolderant to TSWV and southern blight, and has some tolerance to Sclerotinia blight. It exhibits robust vine growth, with a larger vine than Florunner, and has a strong peg attachment.

Tamrun OL01: Developed in a joint program between Texas and Oklahoma growers and researchers, this variety was derived from a cross between Tamrun 96 and SunOleic 95R. It has a high oleic to linoleic ratio (15:1). It has a large sized seed and will usually grade as a Virginia under most conditions. This variety is not recommended for West Texas because of hard seed.

Tamrun OL 02: This is a runner peanut that is high yielding and has a high-oleic oil ratio (ca. 24:1). It was developed from Tamrun 96 parentage and has some of the desirable disease resistance traits of Tamrun 96; it has tolerance to TSWV, pod rot and southern blight. Tamrun OL 02 has a seed size slightly larger than Tamrun 96, and it has a lower sugar content than most other varieties, especially Tamrun OL 01 and Flavor Runner 458. Maturity is about the same as Tamrun 96.

Tifguard: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., Tifguard has excellent resistance to nematodes and will likely revolutize nematode control in peanuts.

Tifrunner: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., this is a late-maturing, large-seeded runner variety. It exhibits a high level of resistance to TSWV and moderate resistance to both early and late leaf spot.

ViruGard: This variety is a high-yielding variety with TSWV resistance similar to Southern runner, grades similar to Florunner, maturity averaging seven to 14 days earlier than Florunner. It has an upright growth habit and seeds larger than Georgia Green, with high percentages of jumbo seed.

York: This is a late maturity runner-type peanut with excellent yield potential and good grades. Released from the University of Florida in 2006, seed size is similar to Georgia Green. It has excellent resistance to TSWV, white mold and leafspot. The level of leafspot resistance allows for a reduction in fungicide sprays in a good rotation. York has high-oleic oil chemistry with excellent flavor and processing traits.

 
VIRGINIA-TYPE VARIETIES

Yield And Grade Performance Of Virginia-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2006-2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)     

 
2006
 2007  
Virginia
Variety
Yield
(lb/A)
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
ELK
(%)
Seed
(No./lb)
Georgia-05E 5324 6056 80.5 61.5 478
Georgia Hi-O/L 5552 4916 77.5 57 460
CHAMPS 5168 5103 71.4 53 417
NC-V11 4415 4952 72.5 53 456
Gregory 4559 5028 69.5 55 383
Perry 4832 4952 73.5 52 446
 

Yield And Grade Performance Of Virginia-Type Varieties, Plains, Ga., Irrigated, 2006-2007.      

(Source: University of Georgia)

 
2006
 2007  
Virginia
Variety
Yield
(lb/A)
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
ELK
(%)
Seed
(No./lb)
Georgia-05E 5043 5400 78.5 49.5 582
Georgia Hi-O/L 4745 4581 74 42.5 541
NC-V11 3997 4101 64 28 597
Perry 4412 4163 68.5 39 544
Gregory 4324 4591 62.5 40 528
CHAMPS 4443 3988 66 30 546
 

Yield And Grade Performance In The Quality Evaluation Trials Of Virginia-Type Varieties,
2002 - 2006.

(Source: North Carolina State University)

Variety Jumbo Pods
(%)
Fancy Pods
(%)
ELK
(%)
SMK
(%)
Yield
(lb/A)
Value
($/A)
NC V-11 26.1 48.5 34.5 65.4 4139 727
NC 12C 51.9 31.4 48.3 66.9 3904 709
Gregory 68 21.3 47.9 63.8 3971 676
Perry 26.7 47 40.9 66.7 3860 701
Phillips 35.2 46.1 47.6 66.8 4123 742
Brantley 62.2 25.1 50.9 65 3779 659
VA 98R 26.1 47.2 36.7 64.9 4078 713
Wilson 32.3 48.3 34.9 63.1 4193 707
CHAMPS 34.4 46.7 38.8 67.1 3985 714
 

Disease Response Of Cultivars Grown In Virginia

(Source: North Carolina State University)

Variety TSWV Early Leaf Spot Late Leaf Spot Sclerotinia CBR Web Blotch
NC 7 VS MR S VS VS MS
NC V-11 MS S MS S S VS
NC 12C VS MR VS VS MR MS
Perry VS MR VS MR MR MR
VA 98R MS S MS MS VS VS
Gregory MR S VS S MS MS
Wilson MR S S S VS MS
Brantley S S S VS S MS
CHAMPS MS S VS MS MR S
Phillips S S S VS VS MS
Georgia Green MR S MR S MR unknown
VS = Very Susceptible, S = Susceptible, MS = Moderately Susceptible, MR = Moderately Resistant.

AT-07V: This virginia-type variety has mid-oleic oil chemistry and is early maturing at 130 to 135 days in West Texas. It is not resistant to TSWV. It is excellent for the production of inshells.

Champs: This is a large-seeded variety that matures slightly earlier than Wilson. It is intermediate in resistance to tomato spotted wilt and is moderately susceptible to most other diseases.

Florida Fancy: This is a medium maturing (130 to 135 days) virginia-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has about 85 to 95 percent fancy pods and is similar in seed size to the typical virginia-type varieties NC-V11 and Perry, but is not as large as Gregory. The growth habit resembles runner varieties. Its resistance to TSWV is better than that of Georgia Green, and its reaction to white mold and leaf spot is similar to that of Georgia Green. Pod yield of Florida Fancy has been very good, especially in sandy soils. In 2008, seed will be limited.

Georgia-05E: This virginia-type variety, released by the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, combines high yield and grade with high-oleic oil chemistry and multiple disease and insect resistances. It has runner growth habit, later maturity and high percentage of extra-large kernels.

Georgia HI-O/L: This large-seeded high O/L ratio peanut variety, released in 1999 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station, combines high yield with TSWV resistance comparable to Georgia Green. It has an intermediate runner growth habit, pink seedcoat color, a large proportion of extra large kernels and is similar to Florunner in maturity.

Gregory: This is a large-seeded virginia-type peanut with growth habit intermediate between bunch and runner, a pink seed coat, and a high percentage of jumbo pods and extra-large kernels. It is susceptible to most diseases and insect pests. Because of its large seed size, Gregory has a high calcium requirement and may show reduced seedling vigor compared with other varieties. Gregory offers good resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus for virginia-market types.

NC-V 11: Under good conditions, NC-V 11 has very high yield and dollar value per acre. Maturity is about the same as NC 7. NC-V11 produces fewer fancy pods and a lower percentage of ELKs than NC 7. NC-V11 has a spreading runner growth habit. It is less susceptible to TSWV then other virginia-type varieties.

NC 12C: This variety is a large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety similar in maturity, plant type, seed size, shape, seed coat color and yield to NC 7. NC 12C is very susceptible to Sclerotinia blight. The pods have a thin hull with a tendency to darken on roasting. Avoid pod damage during combining to minimize price penalty resulting from excessive levels of loose shelled kernels.

Perry: Perry is a high-yielding, large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety. Perry is less susceptible to Sclerotinia blight and web blotch than other virginia-type varieties, but tends to have high susceptbility to TSWV. Maturity is approximately 14 days later than that of NC 7. Growth habit is intermediate between runner and bunch types. Perry has a pink seed coat and good pod color. Fancy pod and ELK percentage is slightly lower than NC 7.

Phillips: Another release from North Carolina ARS, NCSU and USDA-ARS, Phillips is a virginia-type with a high yield of bright fancy pods. It has runner growth habit, medium green foliage and large seeds with 34 percent jumbo pods and 45 percent fancy pods. This variety was not developed to carry any particular disease resistance.

VA 98R: This is an early maturing large-seeded peanut with some tolerance to Sclerotinia blight. It is characterized by a runner growth habit. It is susceptible to all other peanut diseases in the region. It matures approximately 7 days earlier than NC 12C.

Wilson: This is a large-seeded variety that matures similar to VA 98R with a semi-runner growth habit. It offers resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus similar to VA 98R and better than Perry.

 
SPANISH-TYPE VARIETIES

Yield And Grade Performance Of Spanish-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga, Irrigated, 2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)

Spanish
Variety
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
Seed
(No./lb)
Georgia-04S* 4300 73 940
Georgia Browne 4050 73 986
Tamspan 90 3286 66.5 1065
OLin* 3005 66 995
Pronto 2067 60 1125
Spanco 2073 60 1229
* High-Oleic   
 

Two-Year And Four-Year Average Field
Performance Of Spanish-Type Varieties In
West Texas, 2004-2007.

(Source: Texas Cooperative Extension, TAMU)    

 
Two-Year Average
Four-Year Average
Variety Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
Tamspan 90 4530 71.9 4736 73
OLin* 4250 73.8 4412 74.6
Spanco 4276 73 n/a n/a
Tamnut OL06* 4414 71.2 n/a n/a
AT 9899* 3917 72.8 4053 72.3
FlavorRunner 458* 4785 74 n/a n/a
*High Oleic. Tamnut OL06 is a spanish-type grown for runner and spanish market. AT9899 is a runner grown for spanish market. Flavor Runner 458 is a runner peanut grown under spanish production conditions for total yield comparison and used for runner market.

AT 9899-14: This high-oleic variety matures similar to Flavor Runner 458 in West Texas. It has spreading growth habit and is not resistant to spotted wilt.

Georgia-04S: A high-yielding, high-oleic, spanish-type variety, Georgia-04S was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station. Intended for the same market, Georgia-04S has later maturity and pod and seed size similar to other spanish-market types. Georgia-04S has shown significantly higher yield, TSMK grade, and dollar value return per acre compared to other leading spanish varieties.
 
OLin: Released from Texas A & M University in 2002, this high-oleic line is comparable to Tamspan 90 in growth habit, maturity and disease resistance. Yield potential is consistently 5 to 10 percent less than Tamspan 90.

Pronto: A large-seeded spanish variety, Pronto has a growth habit typical of spanish varieties, except that it exhibits more yellow-green color. Pronto has yields and grades similar to Spanco.

Spanco: A high-yielding, spanish-type variety released from Oklahoma State University, Spanco is early maturing (10 to 14 days earlier than most other spanish varieties). It has good yield potential, but does not possess the pythium pod rot or Sclerotinia blight resistance found in Tamspan 90.

Tamnut OL06: This spanish line from Texas A&M is a large-podded, large-seeded high-oleic variety targeted for the runner market. Maturity and yield potential are similar to Tamspan 90. Initial yield results in runner production systems appear less than Flavor Runner 458, but with earlier maturity.

Tamspan 90: Released from Texas A&M University in 1990, this variety exhibits typical spanish growth habit. It is resistant to Pythium pod rot and Sclerotinia blight. Maturity runs about 140 to 145 days in West Texas. It has excellent yield potential.


VALENCIA-TYPE VARIETIES

Yield And Grade Performance Of Valencia-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2007.

(Source: University of Georgia)

Valencia
Variety
Yield
(lb/A)
TSMK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
Georgia Valencia 2556 58.5 690
Georgia Red 2236 65 881
McRan 2206 53.5 1051
H & W 102 2035 54.5 1083
H & W 136 2012 57.5 1008
Valencia C 2006 58.5 1084
Valencia A 1938 54.5 1212
H & W 101 1899 52.5 1118

Georgia Valencia: A high-yielding valencia-type variety released by the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station. This would be an excellent choice for the fresh-market boiling trade in the Southeast because of its high-yield performance, large pods and seed size and compact bunch growth habit. It also has better disease tolerance with similar early maturity as other valencia varieties.

Valencia A: This variety has a high percentage of three- and four-seeded pods. The variety has the potential to emerge more quickly than Valencia C, but takes a few days longer to reach maturity, approximately 130 to 135 days.
  
Valencia C: This variety has excellent three- and four-kernel pods. Valencia C emerges 1 to 3 days later than the Valencia A, but relative maturity may be sooner. It normally yields as well or slightly higher than most other valencia varieties.

GenTex (H & W)101: Released from Harper & Wilson, this variety has a high percentage of three- and four-kernel pods. It is similar in maturity to Valencia C, but generally yields slightly less than Valencia C or GenTex 102.
 
GenTex (H & W) 102: This variety is similar to GenTex 101 in terms of maturity, but yields higher by a few hundred pounds. Maturity and yields are comparable to Valencia C.

GenTex (H & W) 136 : This large-seeded, large pod variety may contract for a premium. Yields are comparable to other top-yielding valencias, but may grade lower because of the large shell. Maturity is similar to Valencia C. Caution should be taken at harvest to minimize digging and combine losses.

PG