The best variety choice is one that will achieve a rapid, uniform stand and provide good yields and grades over a wide range of growing conditions. With so many varieties to choose from, careful consideration should go into this part of your planting decision.
Factors affecting variety selection include field history, irrigation, planting and harvest capabilities, seed availability and quality and marketing. Weigh these factors according to your own needs and capacity to achieve.
Study the variety descriptions and the trial data. If you are thinking of planting a new variety, then follow up by asking questions of researchers and other growers about their experiences with those varieties. Doing your homework on variety choices and possible markets will get this season off to a good start.
AP-4: This is a medium-maturity (130 to 135 days) runner-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has demonstrated very good yield potential and excellent grades in Florida tests. AP-4 has very good resistance to TSWV and slightly better white mold resistance than Georgia Green. The seed of AP-4 is larger than that of Georgia Green. AP-4 has a runner growth habit with prominent center stem. Seed will be very limited in 2008, and it will be marketed exclusively through Birdsong Peanuts.
AT-215: This variety offers high-oleic oil chemistry and a large seed size. It is similar in size, maturity and appearance to ViruGard, with a prominent mainstem and spreading growth habit. It is early maturing at 120 to 125 days in the Southeast and 130 to 135 days in West Texas.
AT-3081R: This runner-type variety has slightly larger pod and seed size than Georgia Green and a normal fatty-acid profile. It has a very prominent mainstem and spreading growth habit. It offers high yields and grades and has good to very good resistance to TSWV, but is susceptible to late leaf spot. It matures at 130 to 140 days in the Southeast.
AT-3085RO: This variety has very good resistance to spotted wilt and a high yield and grade potential. It has high-oleic oil chemistry, pink seed coat and is larger in pod and seed size than Georgia Green. It matures in 130 to 140 days in the Southeast, has a very prominent mainstem and is susceptible to late leaf spot.
Carver: This medium-maturing variety, also developed at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna, has very good pod yield and grade. Carver has very good resistance to TSWV, good resistance to CBR, some resistance to white mold, but is susceptible to leaf spot disease.
C-99R: C-99R is a late-maturing variety with excellent pod yields across a wide range of locations and very good grades. It has resistance to leaf spot, white mold, rust and a small level of resistance to CBR. The seed are larger than the average runner, so calcium should be applied to optimize performance. This variety was developed through the University of Florida.
Flavor Runner 458: A high oleic runner-type variety widely planted in West Texas. Somewhat slow emergence compared to Tamrun lines, but yields and grades competitively with most runner lines, especially in high-yielding environments. FR 458 is susceptible to most diseases affecting peanut.
Florida-07R: This is a medium-to-late runner market-type peanut released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown excellent yield potential with good grades. Seed is similar in size to C-99R and, for this reason, gypsum is recommended. It has good-to-excellent resistance to TSWV, some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot. Florida-07 has high-oleic oil chemistry with good-to-excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.
Georgia-07W: High-yielding, TSWV and white mold resistant, runner-type variety, Georgia-07W was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV and white mold. Georgia-07W has more of a runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. It offers excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.
Georgia-06G: A high-yielding, large-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia-06G was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. Georgia-06G has an intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. Georgia-06G combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.
Georgia-01R: Developed at UGA’s Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, this variety has shown good resistance to TSWV, early and late leaf spot, white mold, CBR, leafhoppers and leaf scorch. It has good yields and grades and has the same late maturity, spreading runner growth habit and lighter seed coat color as C-99R.
Georgia-02C: Released in 2002 as a new high-oleic runner-type cultivar, Georgia 02C can have later maturity than Georgia Green with seed and pod size slightly larger. It has a spreading runner growth habit, with excellent TSWV and CBR resistance.
Georgia-03L: A high-yielding, largepodded runner variety, Georgia-03L was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus and moderate resistance to soilborne diseases. Georgia-03L has maturity similar to Georgia Green with pods and seed size significantly larger.
Georgia Green: High yields, good grades and resistance to TSWV and white mold made Georgia Green a popular variety. An increased dollar return per acre compared with other runner varieties and a significantly higher percentage of total sound mature kernels (TSMK) complement the disease resistance. Georgia Green does not have resistance to leaf spot.
Georgia Greener: A high-yielding, typical-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia Greener was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. As the name implies, it has dark green foliage, intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit and typical runner seed size. Georgia Greener combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.
McCloud: This is a medium maturity runner market-type released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown good-to-excellent pod yields with excellent grades. Seed of McCloud is larger than Georgia Green. It has good resistance to TSWV and is similar to Georgia Green in its resistance to other diseases. It has high-oleic oil chemistry, and flavor, blanching and processing traits are good-to-excellent.
NemaTAM: A release from the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University, this runner variety is highly resistant to the root knot nematode (Meloidogyne arenaria). Yields are equal to Florunner with no nematodes present. It is not resistant to TSWV.
Tamrun OL01: A high oleic Texas A&M release similar to Tamrun 96. Pods and seed are much larger than Flavor Runner 458 and a little larger than Tamrun 96 and OL02. Disease resistance nearly equal to Tamrun 96. Tamrun OL01 may have higher sugar content than most varieties and has produced hard seed in some situations. Variety is popular in South Texas due to TSWV resistance.
Tamrun OL02: A high oleic Texas A&M runner with yields comparable to Flavor Runner 458 and disease resistance similar to Tamrun 96 with tolerance to TSWV, pod rot and southern blight. Tamrun OL02 has seed size slightly larger than Flavor Runner 458 and lower sugar content than Tamrun OL01 and Flavor Runner 458.
Tamrun OL07: Medium-to-late maturing high oleic Texas A&M release has improved disease resistance compared to Tamrun OL01 and OL02 and FR 458. Yield similar to these varieties in disease-free situations, but significantly higher in the presences of TSWV or Sclerotinia blight. Seed size intermediate between Tamrun OL02 and OL01.
Tifguard: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., Tifguard has resistance to nematodes so as to be characterized as “near immunity,” and it offers good yields and grades, especially in places where there would be no yield from other varieties. It offers good resistance to TSWV and maturity is similar to Georgia Green.
Tifrunner: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., this is a late-maturing, large-seeded runner variety. It exhibits a high level of resistance to TSWV and moderate resistance to both early and late leaf spot.
York: This is a late maturity runner-type peanut with excellent yield potential and good grades. Released from the University of Florida in 2006, seed size is similar to Georgia Green. It has excellent resistance to TSWV, white mold and leafspot. The level of leafspot resistance allows for a reduction in fungicide sprays in a good rotation. York has high-oleic oil chemistry with excellent flavor and processing traits.
Bailey: Bailey is a new Virginia-market type that expresses moderate to high resistance to tomato spotted wilt, CBR, and Sclerotinia blight. Pod size and maturity are similar to NC-V 11.
Brantley: This high-oleic trait Virginia-market type variety is susceptible to most peanut diseases. This variety is essentially a high oleic version of NC 7.
Champs: This is a large-seeded variety that matures slightly earlier than Wilson. It is intermediate in resistance to tomato spotted wilt and is moderately susceptible to most other diseases.
Florida Fancy: This is a medium maturing (130 to 135 days) Virginia-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has about 85 to 95 percent fancy pods and is similar in seed size to the typical Virginia-type varieties NC-V11 and Perry, but is not as large as Gregory. The growth habit resembles runner varieties. Its resistance to TSWV is better than that of Georgia Green, and its reaction to white mold and leaf spot is similar to that of Georgia Green. Pod yield of Florida Fancy has been very good, especially in sandy soils. In 2008, seed will be limited.
Georgia-05E: This Virginia-type variety, released by the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, combines high yield and grade with high-oleic oil chemistry and multiple disease and insect resistances. It has runner growth habit, later maturity and high percentage of extra-large kernels.
Georgia HI-O/L: This large-seeded high O/L ratio peanut variety, released in 1999 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station, combines high yield with TSWV resistance comparable to Georgia Green. It has an intermediate runner growth habit, pink seedcoat color, a large proportion of extra large kernels and is similar to Florunner in maturity.
Gregory: This is a large-seeded Virginia-type peanut with growth habit intermediate between bunch and runner, a pink seed coat, and a high percentage of jumbo pods and extra-large kernels. It is susceptible to most diseases and insect pests. Because of its large seed size, Gregory has a high calcium requirement and may show reduced seedling vigor compared with other varieties. Gregory offers good resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus for Virginia-market types.
NC-V 11: Under good conditions, NC-V 11 has very high yield and dollar value per acre. Maturity is about the same as NC 7. NC-V11 produces fewer fancy pods and a lower percentage of ELKs than NC 7. NC-V11 has a spreading runner growth habit. It is less susceptible to TSWV then other Virginia-type varieties.
NC 12C: This variety is a large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety similar in maturity, plant type, seed size, shape, seed coat color and yield to NC 7. NC 12C is very susceptible to Sclerotinia blight. The pods have a thin hull with a tendency to darken on roasting. Avoid pod damage during combining to minimize price penalty resulting from excessive levels of loose shelled kernels.
Perry: Perry is a high-yielding, large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety. Perry is less susceptible to Sclerotinia blight and web blotch than other Virginia-type varieties, but tends to have high susceptbility to TSWV. Maturity is approximately 14 days later than that of NC 7. Growth habit is intermediate between runner and bunch types. Perry has a pink seed coat and good pod color. Fancy pod and ELK percentage is slightly lower than NC 7.
Phillips: Another release from North Carolina ARS, NCSU and USDA-ARS, Phillips is a Virginia-type with a high yield of bright fancy pods. It has runner growth habit, medium green foliage and large seeds with 34 percent jumbo pods and 45 percent fancy pods. This variety was not developed to carry any particular disease resistance.
VA 98R: This is an early maturing large-seeded peanut with some tolerance to Sclerotinia blight. It is characterized by a runner growth habit. It is susceptible to all other peanut diseases in the region. It matures approximately seven days earlier than NC 12C.
VC-2: This Virginia-type variety has a high-oleic oil chemistry with a pod size smaller than NC-7. It is well-suited for West Texas.
Wilson: This is a large-seeded variety that matures similar to VA 98R with a semi-runner growth habit. It offers resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus similar to VA 98R and better than Perry.
Georgia-04S: A high-yielding, high-oleic, Spanish-type variety, Georgia-04S was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station. Intended for the same market, Georgia-04S has later maturity and pod and seed size similar to other Spanish-market types. Georgia-04S has shown significantly higher yield, TSMK grade and dollar value return per acre compared to other leading Spanish varieties.
OLin: Released from Texas A & M University in 2002, this high-oleic line is comparable to Tamspan 90 in growth habit, maturity and disease resistance. Yield potential is consistently 5 to 10 percent less than Tamspan 90.
Pronto: A large-seeded Spanish variety, Pronto has a growth habit typical of Spanish varieties, except that it exhibits more yellow-green color. Pronto has yields and grades similar to Spanco.
Spanco: A high-yielding, Spanish-type variety released from Oklahoma State University, Spanco is early maturing (10 to 14 days earlier than most other Spanish varieties). It has good yield potential, but does not possess the pythium pod rot or Sclerotinia blight resistance found in Tamspan 90.
Tamnut OL06: Texas A&M Spanish line is a large-podded, large-seeded high-oleic variety with potential use in the runner market. Maturity and yield potential are similar to Tamspan 90. Initial yield results in runner production systems appear less than Flavor Runner 458, but with earlier maturity.
Tamspan 90: Released from Texas A&M University in 1990, this variety exhibits typical Spanish growth habit. It is resistant to Pythium pod rot and Sclerotinia blight. Maturity runs about 140 to 145 days in West Texas. It has excellent yield potential.
Valencia A: This variety has a high percentage of three- and four-seeded pods. The variety has the potential to emerge more quickly than Valencia C, but takes a few days longer to reach maturity, approximately 130 to 135 days.
Valencia C: This variety has excellent three- and four-kernel pods. Valencia C emerges 1 to 3 days later than the Valencia A, but relative maturity may be sooner. It normally yields as well or slightly higher than most other Valencia varieties.
GenTex (H & W)101: Released from Harper & Wilson, this variety has a high percentage of three- and four-kernel pods. It is similar in maturity to Valencia C, but generally yields slightly less than Valencia C or GenTex 102.
GenTex (H & W) 102: This variety is similar to GenTex 101 in terms of maturity, but yields higher by a few hundred pounds. Maturity and yields are comparable to Valencia C.
GenTex (H & W) 136: This large-seeded, large pod variety may contract for a premium. Yields are comparable to other top-yielding Valencias, but may grade lower because of the large shell. Maturity is similar to Valencia C. Caution should be taken at harvest to minimize digging and combine losses.