ad
  Cotton Farming Peanut Grower Rice Farming CornSouth Soybean South  
spacer
topgraphic
HOME ARCHIVES ABOUT US CALENDAR LINKS SUBSCRIBE ADVERTISE CLASSIFIEDS
In This Issue
2010 Variety Guide
New Cultivars And Farming Strategies
Editors Note
Market Watch
News Briefs
News Products
Peanut Pointers
ARCHIVES

2010 Variety Guide

  print email

The best variety choice is one that will achieve a rapid, uniform stand and provide good yields and grades over a wide range of growing conditions. With so many varieties to choose from, careful consideration should go into this part of your planting decision.

Many factors affect the decision of what variety to plant and in what field. Consider these factors on a field-by-field basis, your situation and your capacity to achieve.

Field History
Consider where the variety selection will be planted and how that matches up with the history of that field. Possible disease pressure is the primary concern. Other factors include rotation scheme and soil type.

Irrigation
Water is the most limiting factor to a good stand of peanuts. Consider the capabilities of your irrigation system and water availability. In the absence of irrigation, consider planting a medium-to late-maturing variety that would have time to recover from short-term drought.

Planting And Harvesting Efficiency
Achieving rapid emergence and a uniform stand is the goal at planting. Making sure moisture levels and soil temperatures are optimal to achieve this goal is important. If conditions do not allow planting during the optimum window, it may be necessary to change varieties.

Harvesting efficiency is also important to consider before planting. Planting varieties with different maturity levels can maximize labor and harvesting and drying equipment. Also, some varieties hold up better at the end of the season than others.

Seed Availability And Quality
Study the variety trial data for your area. Ask questions of researchers and other growers about their experience. Purchase and plant good quality seed for better germination and emergence.
Beyond the agronomic factors, how you will market your crop is always an important consideration before planting. Study the marketing information and talk with your buying point owners and other marketing experts about your options.

Overall, you should study the variety descriptions and the trial data and follow up by asking questions of researchers and other producers about their experiences with varieties, especially if you are considering planting a new variety.

RUNNER-TYPE VARIETIES
AP-4: This is a medium-maturity (130 to 135 days) runner-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has demonstrated very good yield potential and excellent grades in Florida tests. AP-4 has very good resistance to TSWV and slightly better white mold resistance than Georgia Green. The seed of AP-4 is larger than that of Georgia Green. AP-4 has a runner growth habit with prominent center stem. Seed will be limited in 2010, and it will be marketed exclusively through Birdsong Peanuts.

Yield Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties In
Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2007-2009.

Variety 2007
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
TSMK
(%)
Florida-07 5376 5483 5895 71.5
Georgia-06G 5618 4959 5671 72.5
Georgia-07W n/a 5451 5607 71.0
Tifguard 5442 5198 5464 69.5
McCloud 5256 5337 5169 71.5
Georgia Greener 5477 5018 5098 71.0
AT-3085RO 5682 5198 5031 68.0
AP-3 5227 4749 4840 66.0
York 5109 4762 4734 73.0
AP-4 5296 4869 4726 70.0
Georgia-02C 5524 4357 4570 74.5
Georgia-03L 5196 4276 4542 67.5
Georgia Green 5009 4067 4408 70.5
C-99R 5805 4400 4283 74.0
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223
 
 

Yield Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties In Midville, Ga., Irrigated, 2007-2009.

Variety 2007
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
TSMK
(%)
Florida-07 4709 5422 6350 74.5
York 4618 3961 5539 73.5
Georgia-02C 4223 4588 5438 79.0
C-99R 4306 5039 5374 76.5
Georgia-06G 4801 6304 4926 80.5
AT3085RO n/a 6195 4876 77.0
AP-4 4274 5382 4749 78.0
Georgia-03L 4200 5709 4657 74.0
McCloud 3954 5817 4649 76.0
Georgia Green 3796 4943 4615 77.0
Georgia-07W n/a 5876 4611 79.0
Tifguard 4055 5735 4562 76.5
AP-3 3688 5091 4391 75.0
Georgia Greener 4326 6081 4303 79.0
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223

 

Maturity Range Of Runner-Type Peanut Cultivars
(Source: University of Georgia)

Cultivar Maturity Range
Cultivar Maturity Range
Georgia Green 125-145 DAP
AT-215 1-2 weeks earlier
Georgia-03L Same
Georgia-06G Same
Georgia Greener Same
Georgia-07W Same
Tifguard Same
AT-3081R Same
AT-3085RO Same
Florida-07 Same
McCloud Same
Georgia-02C 1-2 weeks later
Georgia-01R 2-3 weeks later
C-99R 2-3 weeks later
York 2-3 weeks later
Source: Dr. William D. Branch, Crop and Soil Sciences Dept., Coastal Plain Experiment Station, The University of Georgia, Tifton.
Days after planting relative to Georgia Green; weather conditions and stress can greatly influence maturity.


Texas Agrilife Extension Service Runner Peanut Variety Trials. Yield is an average of 11 tests from West Texas and two tests from South Texas.
(Source: Texas AgriLife Extension Service; http://peanut.tamu.edu)

  West Texas South Texas
Runner
Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
Grade
 
Yield
(lb/a)
Grade
 
Tamrun OL 07 4390 74.3 4600 69.9
ACI 48 4370 77.3 n/a n/a
Flavorrunner 458 4250 77.3 n/a n/a
McCloud 4236 74.6 5558 72.9
Tamrun OL 02 4182 74.0 5139 69.1
Florida 07 4036 73.4 5551 72.6
Tamnut OL 06 2729 72.7 n/a n/a
Tamrun OL 01 n/a n/a 5003 73.2
  West Texas*    
Virginia
Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
Grade
 
   
Perry 5034 71.7    
Gregory HiOL 4607 72.2    
Georgia 05E 4517 73.0    
Gregory 4464 70.7    
Phillips 4396 72.7    
NC 12C 4311 72.8    
Jupiter 2827 70.6    
*Average of four tests in West Texas. Jupiter not tested at all sites.


Yield Performance Of Runner-Type Varieties, Plains, Ga., Non-Irrigated, 2007-2009 And Irrigated,
2008 - 2009.

  Non-Irrigated Irrigated
Runner
Variety
2007
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
Georgia-07W n/a 4009 5355 3920 5565
Florida-07 4196 4357 5314 4447 5013
Georgia Greener 4347 4222 5094 4595 5499
AP-4 4054 3805 4951 3593 4580
Tifguard 4625 3704 4924 3441 4431
AT 3085RO n/a n/a 4857 n/a 5342
McCloud 3724 4163 4844 3188 4582
Georgia-06G 4159 3985 4821 4167 5737
York 3769 3852 4534 3902 4385
Georgia Green 3022 2933 4434 3557 4810
Georgia-03L 3576 4107 4414 4211 5117
Georgia-02C 4116 3927 4397 5002 4739
C-99R 3068 4081 4385 4138 4261
AP-3 3887 3693 4110 3349 4289
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223.

AT-215: This variety offers high-oleic oil chemistry and a large seed size. It is similar in size, maturity and appearance to ViruGard, with a prominent mainstem and spreading growth habit. It is early maturing at 120 to 125 days in the Southeast and 130 to 135 days in West Texas.
AT-3081R: This runner-type variety has slightly larger pod and seed size than Georgia Green and a normal fatty-acid profile. It has a very prominent mainstem and spreading growth habit. It offers high yields and grades and has good to very good resistance to TSWV, but is susceptible to late leaf spot. It matures at 130 to 140 days in the Southeast.

AT-3085RO: This variety has very good resistance to spotted wilt and a high yield and grade potential. It has high-oleic oil chemistry, pink seed coat and is larger in pod and seed size than Georgia Green. It matures in 130 to 140 days in the Southeast, has a very prominent mainstem and is susceptible to late leaf spot.

Carver: This medium-maturing variety, also developed at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna, has very good pod yield and grade. Carver has very good resistance to TSWV, good resistance to CBR, some resistance to white mold, but is susceptible to leaf spot disease.

C-99R: C-99R is a late-maturing variety with excellent pod yields across a wide range of locations and very good grades. It has resistance to leaf spot, white mold, rust and a small level of resistance to CBR. The seed are larger than the average runner, so calcium should be applied to optimize performance. This variety was developed through the University of Florida.

Flavor Runner 458: A high oleic runner-type variety widely planted in West Texas. Somewhat slow emergence compared to Tamrun lines, but yields and grades competitively with most runner lines, especially in high-yielding environments. FR 458 is susceptible to most diseases affecting peanut.

Florida-07R: This is a medium-to-late runner market-type peanut released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown excellent yield potential with good grades. Seed is similar in size to C-99R and, for this reason, gypsum is recommended for additional calcium. It has good-to-excellent resistance to TSWV, some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot. Florida-07 has high-oleic oil chemistry with good-to-excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.

Georgia-07W: High-yielding, TSWV and white mold resistant, runner-type variety, Georgia-07W was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV and white mold. Georgia-07W has more of a runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. It offers excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Georgia-06G: A high-yielding, large-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia-06G was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. Georgia-06G has an intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. Georgia-06G combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Georgia-01R: Developed at UGA’s Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, this variety has shown good resistance to TSWV, early and late leaf spot, white mold, CBR, leafhoppers and leaf scorch. It has good yields and grades and has the same late maturity, spreading runner growth habit and lighter seed coat color as C-99R.

Georgia-02C: Released in 2002 as a new high-oleic runner-type cultivar, Georgia 02C can have later maturity than Georgia Green with seed and pod size slightly larger. It has a spreading runner growth habit, with excellent TSWV and CBR resistance.

Georgia-03L: A high-yielding, largepodded runner variety, Georgia-03L was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus and moderate resistance to soilborne diseases. Georgia-03L has maturity similar to Georgia Green with pods and seed size significantly larger.

Georgia Green: High yields, good grades and resistance to TSWV and white mold made Georgia Green a popular variety. An increased dollar return per acre compared with other runner varieties and a significantly higher percentage of total sound mature kernels (TSMK) complement the disease resistance. Georgia Green does not have resistance to leaf spot.

Georgia Greener: A high-yielding, typical-seeded, runner-type variety, Georgia Greener was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. As the name implies, it has dark green foliage, intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit and typical runner seed size. Georgia Greener combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Variety selection and point values as it appears
in the Peanut Disease Risk Index and the
Peanut Rx program.

(Source: University of Georgia)

Variety TSWV Points Leaf Spot Points Soilborne Disease Points
      White mold Limb rot
Flavorunner 458 50 * * *
NC-V11 35 30 30 25
AT-215 30 * * *
Georgia Green 30 20 25 15
Andru II 25 30 25 25
Florida Fancy 25 * * *
McCloud 20 25 20 *
AP-4 20 20 15 *
C-99R 20 15 15 25
AT 3085RO 15 30 25 *
Georgia-05E 15 20 25 *
Georgia Greener 15 20 25 *
Georgia-02C 15 20 10 20
Georgia-O3L 15 15 10 20
AP-3 10 25 10 25
Georgia-06G 10 20 20 *
Florida-07 10 20 15 *
Georgia-07W 10 15 10 *
Tifguard 10 15 10 *
York 10 10 5 *
Georganic 5 10 10 *
* unknown        
The greater the value of points, the more risk associated with that variety for that disease. Data for newer varieties is limited and point values may change. The varieties Georgia-02C and Tifguard appear to have increased resistance to Cylindrocladium Black Rot (CBR) than do other varieties commonly planted in Georgia. Varieties AP-3 and C-99R are less resistant to CBR and are not recommended in fields where CBR is a problem. Tifguard has excellent resistance to peanut root-knot nematode.
For more information on varieties and disease risk, go to www.ugapeanuts.com, and click on Peanut Update.

McCloud: This is a medium maturity runner market-type released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown good-to-excellent pod yields with excellent grades. Seed of McCloud is larger than Georgia Green. It has good resistance to TSWV and is similar to Georgia Green in its resistance to other diseases. It has high-oleic oil chemistry, and flavor, blanching and processing traits are good-to-excellent.

NemaTAM: A release from the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University, this runner variety is highly resistant to the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne arenaria). Yields are equal to Florunner with no nematodes present. It is not resistant to TSWV.

Tamrun OL01: A high oleic Texas A&M release similar to Tamrun 96. Pods and seed are much larger than Flavor Runner 458 and a little larger than Tamrun 96 and OL02. Disease resistance nearly equal to Tamrun 96. Tamrun OL01 may have higher sugar content than most varieties and has produced hard seed in some situations. Variety is popular in South Texas due to TSWV resistance.

Tamrun OL02: A high oleic Texas A&M runner with yields comparable to Flavor Runner 458 and disease resistance similar to Tamrun 96 with tolerance to TSWV, pod rot and southern blight. Tamrun OL02 has seed size slightly larger than Flavor Runner 458 and lower sugar content than Tamrun OL01 and Flavor Runner 458.

Four-Year (2006-2009) Average Field
Performance Of Medium-Maturing Varieties
In Three Locations In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)

Variety Yield (lb/a) TSMK (%) TSWV (1-10)
Florida-07** 5336 75.6 1.7
Georgia-06G 5314 79.9 2.1
AP-4 5174 77.1 2.0
Georgia Greener 5135 79.5 2.0
AT3085RO** 4801 75.6 2.4
McCloud** 4659 77.5 2.1
Georgia Green 4516 78.0 2.7
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry


Four-Year (2006-2009) Average Field
Performance Of Late-Maturing Varieties
In Three Locations In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)

Variety Yield (lb/a) TSMK (%) TSWV (1-10)
C-99R 4748 77.8 2.0
York**
4600 74.8 1.6
Georgia-02C**
4507 80.6 1.8
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry
 

Tamrun OL07: Medium-to-late maturing high oleic Texas A&M release has improved disease resistance compared to Tamrun OL01 and OL02 and FR 458. Yield similar to these varieties in disease-free situations, but significantly higher in the presences of TSWV or Sclerotinia blight. Seed size intermediate between Tamrun OL02 and OL01.

Tifguard: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., Tifguard has resistance to nematodes so as to be characterized as “near immunity,” and it offers good yields and grades, especially in places where there would be no yield from other varieties. It offers good resistance to TSWV and maturity is similar to Georgia Green.

Tifrunner: Devoloped by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga., this is a late-maturing, large-seeded runner variety. It exhibits a high level of resistance to TSWV and moderate resistance to both early and late leaf spot.

York: This is a late maturity runner-type peanut with excellent yield potential and good grades. Released from the University of Florida in 2006, seed size is similar to Georgia Green. It has excellent resistance to TSWV, white mold and leafspot. The level of leafspot resistance allows for a reduction in fungicide sprays in a good rotation. York has high-oleic oil chemistry with excellent flavor and processing traits.

VIRGINIA-TYPE VARIETIES
AT-07V: This Virginia-type variety has mid-oleic oil chemistry and is early maturing at 130 to 135 days in West Texas. It is not resistant to TSWV. It is an excellent size for inshell production.

Bailey: Bailey is a new Virginia-market type that expresses moderate to high resistance to tomato spotted wilt, CBR and Sclerotinia blight. Pod size and maturity are similar to NC-V 11.

Four-Year (2006-2009) Average Field
Performance Of Virginia-Type Varieties In
Three Locations In Florida.

(Source: University of Florida)

Virginia
Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
TSMK
(%)
TSWV
(1-10)*
Florida Fancy** 4877 73.5 2.2
Gregory 4674 72.6 2.9
NCV11 4302 73.2 2.9
Brantley** 3957 72.3 3.4
*TSWV ratings (1= no disease); ** high-oleic oil chemistry
 

Yield Performance Of Virginia-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2007-2009.

Virginia
Variety
2007
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Fancy
(%)
Georgia-08V n/a 5378 5496 88.0
Florida Fancy n/a n/a 4870 81.0
Bailey n/a n/a 4685 73.5
CHAMPS 5103 4427 4530 80.0
Perry 4952 3795 3921 73.5
Gregory 5028 4826 3796 89.0
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223


Yield Performance Of Virginia-Type Varieties, Plains, Ga., Irrigated, 2007-2009.

Virginia
Variety
2007
Yield
(lb/a)
2008
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Yield
(lb/a)
2009
Fancy
(%)
Florida Fancy n/a n/a 5173 77.5
Georgia-08V n/a 4086 4930 83.5
Bailey n/a n/a 4879 67.5
Perry 4163 3138 4462 74
Gregory 4591 3739 4360 85
CHAMPS 3988 3247 4147 70.5
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223

Brantley: This high-oleic trait Virginia-market type variety is susceptible to most peanut diseases. This variety is essentially a high oleic version of NC 7.

Champs: This large-seeded variety matures slightly earlier than Wilson. It is intermediate in resistance to tomato spotted wilt and is moderately susceptible to most other diseases.

Florida Fancy: This is a medium maturing (130 to 135 days) Virginia-type variety released by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006. It has about 85 to 95 percent fancy pods and is similar in seed size to the typical Virginia-type varieties NC-V11 and Perry, but is not as large as Gregory. The growth habit resembles runner varieties. Its resistance to TSWV is better than that of Georgia Green, and its reaction to white mold and leaf spot is similar to that of Georgia Green. Pod yield of Florida Fancy has been very good, especially in sandy soils.

Georgia-05E: This Virginia-type variety, released by the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, combines high yield and grade with high-oleic oil chemistry and multiple disease and insect resistances. It has runner growth habit, later maturity and high percentage of extra-large kernels.

Georgia-08V: A high-yielding, high-oleic, TSWV-resistance, large-seeded, Virginia-type variety, Georgia-08V was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. It has a runner growth habit and medium maturity and has shown excellent yield and grade.

Georgia HI-O/L: This large-seeded high O/L ratio peanut variety, released in 1999 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station, combines high yield with TSWV resistance comparable to Georgia Green. It has an intermediate runner growth habit, pink seedcoat color, a large proportion of extra large kernels and is similar to Florunner in maturity.

Gregory: This is a large-seeded Virginia-type peanut with growth habit intermediate between bunch and runner, a pink seedcoat, and a high percentage of jumbo pods and extra-large kernels. It is susceptible to most diseases and insect pests. Because of its large seed size, Gregory has a high calcium requirement and may show reduced seedling vigor compared with other varieties. Gregory offers good resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus for Virginia-market types.

NC-V 11: Under good conditions, NC-V 11 has very high yield and dollar value per acre. Maturity is about the same as NC 7. NC-V11 produces fewer fancy pods and a lower percentage of ELKs than NC 7. NC-V11 has a spreading runner growth habit. It is less susceptible to TSWV then other Virginia-type varieties.

Disease Response Of Cultivars Grown In Virginia, N. Carolina And S. Carolina.
(Source: North Carolina State University)

Variety TSWV Early Leaf Spot Late Leaf Spot Sclerotinia CBR Web Blotch
NC V-11 MS S MR S S VS
NC 12C VS MS MR VS MR MR
Perry VS MS VS MS MS MR
VA 98R S VS MS S VS VS
Gregory MR S VS S MS MS
Brantley VS S S VS S MS
CHAMPS MR S VS MS MS S
Phillips S S S VS S MS
Bailey VR MR MR MR MR unknown
Sugg MR MR MR MS MR unknown
Florida Fancy MR MR MR MR MS unknown
Georgia Green MR S MR S MR unknown
VS = Very Susceptible, S = Susceptible, MS = Moderately Susceptible, MR = Moderately Resistant, VR = Very Resistant. Newer varieties have limited data and listed responses should be considered tentative.


Summary Of Performance And Grade For Virginia-Type Cultivars Entered In The 2000-2009 Peanut Variety And Quality Evaluation (PVQE) Program Conducted In Virginia, North Carolina And South Carolina.
(Source: North Carolina State University)

Variety Jumbo Pods
(%)
Fancy Pods
(%)
ELK
(%)
SMK
(%)
Yield
(lb/A)
Value
($/A)
NC V-11 30.1 44 34.4 63.8 4402 775
Gregory 68.1 19.6 46.7 62.4 4237 724
Perry 29.8 43.2 39.4 64.6 4127 744
Phillips 37.5 42 46.1 64.9 4375 789
Brantley 62 23 49.1 63.3 4079 715
Bailey 27.9 47.1 40.2 65.6 4761 872
Sugg 35.3 45.9 45.5 65.3 4580 839
VA 98R 29.5 43 36.3 63.4 4292 753
CHAMPS 36.1 43.1 38.2 65.1 4242 759
Florida Fancy 53.2 28.9 40.8 63.3 4166 747
Georgia-08V 51.5 32.6 47.9 64.7 4229 776

NC 12C: This variety is a large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety similar in maturity, plant type, seed size, shape, seed coat color and yield to NC 7. NC 12C is very susceptible to Sclerotinia blight. The pods have a thin hull with a tendency to darken on roasting. Avoid pod damage during combining to minimize price penalty resulting from excessive levels of loose shelled kernels.

Perry: Perry is a high-yielding, large-seeded, CBR-resistant variety. Perry is less susceptible to Sclerotinia blight and web blotch than other Virginia-type varieties, but tends to have high susceptbility to TSWV. Maturity is approximately 14 days later than that of NC 7. Growth habit is intermediate between runner and bunch types. Perry has a pink seed coat and good pod color. Fancy pod and ELK percentage is slightly lower than NC 7.

Phillips: Another release from North Carolina ARS, NCSU and USDA-ARS, Phillips is a Virginia-type with a high yield of bright fancy pods. It has runner growth habit, medium green foliage and large seeds with 34 percent jumbo pods and 45 percent fancy pods. This variety was not developed to carry any particular disease resistance.

VA 98R: This is an early maturing large-seeded peanut with some tolerance to Sclerotinia blight. It is characterized by a runner growth habit. It is susceptible to all other peanut diseases in the region. It matures approximately seven days earlier than NC 12C.

VC-2: This Virginia-type variety has a high-oleic oil chemistry with a pod size smaller than NC-7. It is well-suited for West Texas.

Wilson: This is a large-seeded variety that matures similar to VA 98R with a semi-runner growth habit. It offers resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus similar to VA 98R and better than Perry.

YYield And Grade Performance Of Spanish-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga, Irrigated, 2009.

Spanish
Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
TSMK
(%)
OK
(%)
DK
(%)
Georgia Browne 4001 69 5.5 0
Tamspan 90 3318 66 6.5 0
Georgia-04S 3295 67 6.5 0.5
Tamnut OL06 3238 62.5 5 0.5
OLin 2551 67.5 4 1
Pronto 1859 68 5.5 0.5
Spanco 1828 65.5 6 1
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223
 

SPANISH-TYPE VARIETIES
AT 9899-14: This small-statured high-oleic variety is a spreading growth (runner) plant type and matures about two weeks later than Tamspan 90 in West Texas. Not resistant to TSWV. Trial yields are significantly lower than common Spanish peanut varieties. Variety can produce a prolific number of pods, and peg attachment is weak.

Georgia-04S: A high-yielding, high-oleic, Spanish-type variety, Georgia-04S was developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station. Intended for the same market, Georgia-04S has later maturity and pod and seed size similar to other Spanish-market types. Georgia-04S has shown significantly higher yield, TSMK grade and dollar value return per acre compared to other leading Spanish varieties.

OLin: Released from Texas A & M University in 2002, this high-oleic line is comparable to Tamspan 90 in growth habit, maturity and disease resistance. Yield potential is consistently 5 to 10 percent less than Tamspan 90.

Pronto: A large-seeded Spanish variety, Pronto has a growth habit typical of Spanish varieties, except that it exhibits more yellow-green color. Pronto has yields and grades similar to Spanco.

Spanco: A high-yielding, Spanish-type variety released from Oklahoma State University, Spanco is early maturing (10 to 14 days earlier than most other Spanish varieties). It has good yield potential, but does not possess the pythium pod rot or Sclerotinia blight resistance found in Tamspan 90.

Tamnut OL06: Texas A&M Spanish line is a large-podded, large-seeded high-oleic variety with potential use in the runner market. Maturity and yield potential are similar to Tamspan 90. Initial yield results in runner production systems appear less than Flavor Runner 458, but with earlier maturity.

Tamspan 90: Released from Texas A&M University in 1990, this variety exhibits typical Spanish growth habit. It is resistant to Pythium pod rot and Sclerotinia blight. Maturity runs about 140 to 145 days in West Texas. It has excellent yield potential.

Valencia Peanut Yield of Commercially Available Varieties, New Mexico And West Texas, 2001- 2009.

  Portales, NM New Mexico -West Texas
  2001-2003
(3-yr avg.)
2004-2006 2008 2009 2007-2009

Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
Yield
(lb/a)
Valencia A 2727 3980 4198 2595 3379
Valencia C 3106 4480 4432 3302 3778
GenTex 101 2829 4224 4048 2394 3378
GenTex 102 2812 4342 4403 2459 3423
GenTex 136 3188 4685 4485 3650 3937
Source: N. Puppala, Peanut Breeder, New Mexico State University, Clovis, N.M.


Yield And Grade Performance Of Valencia-Type Varieties, Tifton, Ga., Irrigated, 2009.

Valencia
Variety
Yield
(lb/a)
TSMK
(%)
OK
(%)
DK
(%)
Georgia Valencia 3049 59 5 1
Georgia Red 2475 66 4 1
Valencia McRan 1615 60 7 1
Valencia C 1520 61.5 6 2
GenTex 136 1492 62 5.5 2
Valencia A 1266 59.5 9 1
Source: J. LaDon Day, Program Coordinator, UGA Variety Evaluation, Griffin Campus,1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Ga. 30223
 
 

VALENCIA-TYPE VARIETIES
Georgia Valencia: A high-yielding valencia-type variety released by the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station. This would be an excellent choice for the fresh-market boiling trade in the Southeast because of its high-yield performance, large pods and seed size and compact bunch growth habit. It also has better disease tolerance with similar early maturity as other Valencia varieties.

Valencia A: This variety has a high percentage of three- and four-seeded pods. The variety has the potential to emerge more quickly than Valencia C, but takes a few days longer to reach maturity, approximately 130 to 135 days.

Valencia C: This variety has excellent three- and four-kernel pods. Valencia C emerges one to three days later than the Valencia A, but relative maturity may be sooner. It normally yields as well or slightly higher than most other Valencia varieties.

GenTex (H & W)101: Released from Harper & Wilson, this variety has a high percentage of three- and four-kernel pods. It is similar in maturity to Valencia C, but generally yields slightly less than Valencia C or GenTex 102.

GenTex (H & W) 102: This variety is similar to GenTex 101 in terms of maturity, but yields higher by a few hundred pounds. Maturity and yields are comparable to Valencia C.

GenTex (H & W) 136: This large-seeded, large pod variety may contract for a premium. Yields are comparable to other top-yielding Valencias, but may grade lower because of the large shell. Maturity is similar to Valencia C. Caution should be taken at harvest to minimize digging and combine losses.

PG

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
email
Tell a friend:


ad2

 

end