The National Agriculture Statistics Service released its annual “Prospective Plantings” report in late March, and growers intend to plant 1.2 million acres of peanuts in 2010, up 8 percent from the previous year.
An increase in planted area is expected in the Southeast and Virginia-Carolina regions while peanut acreage is expected to decrease in the Southwest region.
|USDA Estimate of Area Planted - March 31, 2010*
|*USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service estimate of intended plantings in 2010 as indicated by reports from farmers.
Southeast growers, which NASS designates as Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina, intend to plant 925,000 acres of peanuts, an increase of 9 percent from 2009. In Georgia, planted area is expected to increase 6 percent from last season to 540,000 acres.
According to NASS, plantings in Virginia and North Carolina are expected to total 100,000 acres, up 27 percent from 2009. The increase in planted area in these two regions is because of the expectation of higher contract prices and the anticipated decrease of corn and soybean acres.
Growers in the Southwestern states of New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas intend to plant 176,000 acres, according to the NASS planting report, down 5 percent from the previous year. Growers in this region expect to plant more acres to cotton because of price and water issues.
Big Gain In Cotton Acres
All cotton plantings for 2010 are expected to total 10.5 million acres, 15 percent above last year, reports NASS. Upland acreage is expected to total 10.3 million acres, up 15 percent.
In the Southeastern states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia, growers intend to plant 2.39 million acres, an increase of 26 percent from last year.
Georgia producers intend to plant 1,150,000 acres, up 15 percent from last year. North Carolina, at 540,000 acres, is 44 percent more than 2009. Alabama producers intend to plant 360,000 acres, up 41 percent from last year. In South Carolina, producers intend to plant 175,000 acres, up 52 percent from 2009. Many of these acres were planted to soybeans in 2009.
In Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas, producers intend to plant 5.91 million acres, a 12 percent increase from last year. Texas producers intend to plant 5.60 million acres, up 600,000 acres from last year. Oklahoma producers intend to plant 240,000 acres, up 17 percent from last year.
Corn, Soybeans Up Slightly
Corn growers intend to plant 88.8 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2010, up 3 percent from both last year and 2008. Expected acreage is up in many states because of reduced winter wheat acreage and expectations of improved net returns. Acreage increases of 300,000 or more are expected in Illinois, Kansas, Missouri and Ohio.
The largest decreases are expected in Iowa, down 200,000 acres, and Texas, down 150,000 acres.
Soybean producers intend to plant 78.1 million acres in 2010, up less than 1 percent from last year. If realized, the U.S. planted area will be the largest on record.
Acreage increases of 100,000 or more are expected in Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota. The largest decreases are expected in Georgia and North Carolina, both 150,000 acres less than 2009.
Overall Wheat Acres Down
All wheat planted area is estimated at 53.8 million acres, down 9 percent from 2009. The 2010 winter wheat planted area, at 37.7 million acres, is 13 percent below last year but up 2 percent from the previous estimate.
Area planted to other spring wheat for 2010 is estimated at 13.9 million acres, up 5 percent from 2009, with 13.3 million acres in Hard Red Spring wheat.